The 8th network layer is always a problem

As everyone knows – there are 7 OSI network layers.

Microsoft explains

And this is my favorite Open Source Interconnect (OSI) diagram:


So what do I mean about the “8th network layer”?


Well I mean the human element  of course.   Got  a new book written by Christopher Hadnagy and Dr. Paul Ekman: “Unmasking the Social Engineer”

It is a great book on the human interactions, body tone, body language, and more.  In other words how can a hacker call the target company and ask for  passwords or user names and actually be given them.  Well if the password is freely given to the hacker there is no defense for that.